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2013 USACE NCMP Topobathy Lidar: Lake Superior, MI
 (MI_Metadata)
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        organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
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                voice:  (843) 740-1202
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                deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                city:  Charleston
                administrativeArea:  SC
                postalCode:  29405-2413
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      DateTime:  2021-09-14T18:18:51
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    spatialRepresentationInfo:
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    identificationInfo:  (MD_DataIdentification)
        citation:  (CI_Citation)
            title:  2013 USACE NCMP Topobathy Lidar: Lake Superior, MI
            alternateTitle:  usace2013_superior_m4913_metadata
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2013
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) creation
            date:  (CI_Date)
                date:  2015-05-29
                dateType:  (CI_DateTypeCode) publication
            identifier:  (MD_Identifier)
                authority:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  NOAA/NMFS/EDM
                    date: (inapplicable)
                code:
                  Anchor:  InPort Catalog ID 49807
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                organisationName: (inapplicable)
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/49807
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:  Full Metadata Record
                        description:  View the complete metadata record on InPort for more information about this dataset.
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                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
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                        description:  Information on the NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM)
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                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer/#/lidar/search/where:ID=9360/details/9360
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:  Custom DEM Download
                        description:  Link to custom download, from the Data Access Viewer (DAV), the raster Digital Elevation Model (DEM) data that were created from this lidar data set.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:  NOAA's Office for Coastal Management (OCM) Data Access Viewer (DAV)
                        description:  The Data Access Viewer (DAV) allows a user to search for and download elevation, imagery, and land cover data for the coastal U.S. and its territories. The data, hosted by the NOAA Office for Coastal Management, can be customized and requested for free download through a checkout interface. An email provides a link to the customized data, while the original data set is available through a link within the viewer.
                        function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
                role: (inapplicable)
        abstract:  These files were collected for the National Coastal Mapping Program (NCMP) and contain classified topo/bathy lidar data. Data are classified as 1 (valid non-ground topographic data), 2 (valid ground topographic data), and 29 (valid bathymetric data). Classes 1 and 2 are defined in accordance with the American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ASPRS) classification standards. These data were collected by the Coastal Zone Mapping and Imaging Lidar (CZMIL) system. CZMIL integrates a lidar sensor with simultaneous topographic and bathymetric capabilities, a digital camera and a hyperspectral imagery on a single remote sensing platform for use in coastal mapping and charting activities. Native lidar data is not generally in a format accessible to most Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Specialized in-house and commercial software packages are used to process the native lidar data into 3-dimensional positions that can be imported into GIS software for visualization and further analysis. This data was provided to the NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM) for data distribution from the Data Access Viewer (DAV). In addition to these lidar point data, the bare earth Digital Elevation Models (DEM) created from the lidar point data are also available. These data are available for custom download at the link provided in the URL section of this metadata record. This data set is an LAZ (compressed LAS) format file containing LIDAR point cloud data.
        purpose:  These data were collected as a part of the NCMP to depict the elevations above and below the water in the Michigan coastal zone.
        credit:  Acknowledgment of the Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX) would be appreciated in any publications or derived products. The custom download may be cited as National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Digital Coast Data Access Viewer. Charleston, SC: NOAA Office for Coastal Management. Accessed Oct 23, 2021 at https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer.
        status:  (MD_ProgressCode) completed
        pointOfContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
            organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
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                phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                    voice:  (843) 740-1202
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                    city:  Charleston
                    administrativeArea:  SC
                    postalCode:  29405-2413
                    country: (missing)
                    electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                    protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
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                    description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
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                    voice:  (843) 740-1202
                address:  (CI_Address)
                    deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                    city:  Charleston
                    administrativeArea:  SC
                    postalCode:  29405-2413
                    country: (missing)
                    electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                    linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                    protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                    name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                    description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
                    function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) information
            role:  (CI_RoleCode) custodian
        resourceMaintenance:  (MD_MaintenanceInformation)
            maintenanceAndUpdateFrequency:  (MD_MaintenanceFrequencyCode) asNeeded
        graphicOverview:  (MD_BrowseGraphic)
            fileName: https://coast.noaa.gov/htdata/lidar4_z/geoid18/data/4913/supplemental/mi2013_usace_ncmp_lake_superior_m4913.kmz
            fileDescription:  This graphic shows the lidar footprint for the 2013 USACE topobathy lidar project in Lake Superior.
            fileType:  kmz
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  DOD/USARMY/USACE/SAM/MOBILE/OPJ/JALBTCX > Department of Defense
            keyword:  Spatial Data Branch
            keyword:  United States Army
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  GCMD Data Center Keywords v7
                date: (missing)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
            keyword:  HUMAN DIMENSIONS > LAND USE/LAND COVER > LAND USE CLASSES
            keyword:  LAND SURFACE > TOPOGRAPHY> TERRAIN ELEVATION
            keyword:  OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > BATHYMETRY
            keyword:  OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY
            keyword:  OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > COASTAL ELEVATION
            keyword:  SOLID EARTH > GEOMORPHOLOGY > COASTAL LANDFORMS/PROCESSES
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  GCMD Earth Sciences Keywords v7
                date: (missing)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  LIDAR > LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  GCMD Instrument Keywords v7
                date: (missing)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  VERTICAL LOCATION > LAND SURFACE
            keyword:  VERTICAL LOCATION > SEA FLOOR
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  GCMD Location Keywords v7
                date: (missing)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Brimley
            keyword:  Chippewa County
            keyword:  Lake Superior
            keyword:  Michigan
            keyword:  United States
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) place
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                title:  Geographic Names Information System
                date: (missing)
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Bathymetry
            keyword:  Bathymetry/Topography
            keyword:  Classified LAS
            keyword:  Coastal Zone Mapping Imaging Lidar (CZMIL)
            keyword:  IWG-OCM
            keyword:  Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX)
            keyword:  Mobile District
            keyword:  National Coastal Mapping Program (NCMP)
            keyword:  Topography
            keyword:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE)
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) theme
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  2013
            keyword:  August
            keyword:  July
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) temporal
        descriptiveKeywords:  (MD_Keywords)
            keyword:  Lidar - partner (no harvest)
            type:  (MD_KeywordTypeCode) project
            thesaurusName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  InPort
                date: (inapplicable)
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_LegalConstraints)
            useConstraints:  (MD_RestrictionCode) otherRestrictions
            otherConstraints:  Cite As: OCM Partners, [Date of Access]: 2013 USACE NCMP Topobathy Lidar: Lake Superior, MI [Data Date Range], https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inport/item/49807.
        resourceConstraints:  (MD_Constraints)
            useLimitation:  NOAA provides no warranty, nor accepts any liability occurring from any incomplete, incorrect, or misleading data, or from any incorrect, incomplete, or misleading use of the data. It is the responsibility of the user to determine whether or not the data is suitable for the intended purpose.
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            otherConstraints:  Access Constraints: These data have been developed from the best available sources. Although efforts have been made to ensure that the data are accurate and reliable, errors and variable conditions originating from physical sources used to develop the data may be reflected in the data supplied. Users must be aware of these conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of the information with respect to possible errors, scale, resolution, rectification, positional accuracy, development methodology, time period, environmental and climatic conditions and other circumstances specific to these data. The user is responsible for understanding the accuracy limitations of the data provided herein. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. The user should refer to the accompanying metadata notes for a description of the data and data development procedures. | Use Constraints: These data depict the heights at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. Acknowledgment of the Joint Airborne Lidar Bathymetry Technical Center of eXpertise (JALBTCX) would be appreciated in any publications or derived products. The data herein, including but not limited to geographic data, tabular data, analytical data, electronic data structures or files, are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, or statutory, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the data is assumed by the user. No guarantee of accuracy is granted, nor is any responsibility for reliance thereon assumed. In no event shall the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Mobile District Office, Spatial Data Branch be liable for direct, indirect, incidental, consequential or special damages of any kind, including, but not limited to, loss of anticipated profits or benefits arising out of use of or reliance on the data. The Spatial Data Branch does not accept liability for any damages or misrepresentation caused by inaccuracies in the data or as a result of changes to the data caused by system transfers or other transformations or conversions, nor is there responsibility assumed to maintain the data in any manner or form. Users should be aware that temporal changes may have occurred since this data set was collected and some parts of this data may no longer represent actual surface conditions. Users should not use this data for critical applications without a full awareness of its limitations. These data depict the heights at the time of the survey and are only accurate for that time. | Distribution Liability: These data have been developed from the best available sources. Although efforts have been made to ensure that the data are accurate and reliable, errors and variable conditions originating from physical sources used to develop the data may be reflected in the data supplied. Users must be aware of these conditions and bear responsibility for the appropriate use of the information with respect to possible errors, scale, resolution, rectification, positional accuracy, development methodology, time period, environmental and climatic conditions and other circumstances specific to these data. The user is responsible for understanding the accuracy limitations of the data provided herein. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. The user should refer to the accompanying metadata notes for a description of the data and data development procedures. Any conclusions drawn from the analysis of this information are not the responsibility of USACE, JABLTCX, NOAA, the Office for Coastal Management or its partners.
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            classification:  (MD_ClassificationCode) unclassified
            classificationSystem: (missing)
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            aggregateDataSetName:  (CI_Citation)
                title:  2013 USACE NCMP Topobathy Lidar DEM: Lake Superior, MI
                date: (unknown)
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                    authority:  (CI_Citation)
                        title:  NOAA/NMFS/EDM
                        date: (inapplicable)
                    code:  65427
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                title:  NOAA Data Management Plan (DMP)
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                        title:  NOAA/NMFS/EDM
                        date: (inapplicable)
                    code:  49807
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                    organisationName: (inapplicable)
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
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                            linkage: https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/inportserve/waf/noaa/nos/ocmp/dmp/pdf/49807.pdf
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                            name:  NOAA Data Management Plan (DMP)
                            description:  NOAA Data Management Plan for this record on InPort.
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            associationType:  (DS_AssociationTypeCode) crossReference
        spatialRepresentationType:  (MD_SpatialRepresentationTypeCode) vector
        language:  eng; US
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) location
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) elevation
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) imageryBaseMapsEarthCover
        topicCategory:  (MD_TopicCategoryCode) oceans
        environmentDescription:  Microsoft Windows 7 Version 6.1 (Build 7601) Service Pack 1; Esri ArcGIS 10.1.0.3035
        extent:  (EX_Extent)
            geographicElement:  (EX_GeographicBoundingBox)
                westBoundLongitude:  -85.071059
                eastBoundLongitude:  -84.329712
                southBoundLatitude:  46.402919
                northBoundLatitude:  46.777434
            temporalElement:  (EX_TemporalExtent)
                extent:
                  TimePeriod:
                    description:   | Currentness: Ground Condition
                    beginPosition:  2013-07-30
                    endPosition:  2013-08-14
        supplementalInformation:  A footprint of data coverage may be viewed in GoogleEarth at: https://coast.noaa.gov/htdata/lidar4_z/geoid18/data/4913/supplemental/mi2013_usace_ncmp_lake_superior_m4913.kmz
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    distributionInfo:  (MD_Distribution)
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            name:  Zip
            version: (missing)
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            name:  LAZ
            version: (missing)
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            distributorContact:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                organisationName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
                contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                    phone:  (CI_Telephone)
                        voice:  (843) 740-1202
                    address:  (CI_Address)
                        deliveryPoint:  2234 South Hobson Ave
                        city:  Charleston
                        administrativeArea:  SC
                        postalCode:  29405-2413
                        country: (missing)
                        electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                    onlineResource:  (CI_OnlineResource)
                        linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov
                        protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                        name:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Website
                        description:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management Home Page
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                linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov/dataviewer/#/lidar/search/where:ID=4913
                protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                name:  Customized Download
                description:  Create custom data files by choosing data area, product type, map projection, file format, datum, etc.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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                linkage: https://coast.noaa.gov/htdata/lidar4_z/geoid18/data/4913
                protocol:  WWW:LINK-1.0-http--link
                name:  Bulk Download
                description:  Simple download of data files.
                function:  (CI_OnLineFunctionCode) download
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    dataQualityInfo:  (DQ_DataQuality)
        scope:  (DQ_Scope)
            level:  (MD_ScopeCode) dataset
        report:  (DQ_QuantitativeAttributeAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  These data are not attributed. | Quantitative Value: None | Quantitative Test Explanation: These data are not attributed.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Horizontal Positional Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Topo data - Compiled to meet 1 m @ 95% confidence level. Bathy data - compiled to meet 3.5 + 0.05*d m @ 95% confidence level (d is depth).
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_AbsoluteExternalPositionalAccuracy)
            nameOfMeasure:  Vertical Positional Accuracy
            evaluationMethodDescription:  Topo data - 19.6 cm @ 95% confidence level (10 cm RMSE). Bathy shallow FOV data - SQRT((0.25^2)+((0.0075d)^2)) m at @ 95% confidence level. Bathy deep FOV data - SQRT((0.30^2)+((0.013d)^2)) m @ 95% confidence level (d is depth).
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_CompletenessCommission)
            nameOfMeasure:  Completeness Report
            evaluationMethodDescription:  This data set covers the spatial extent of topographic lidar data obtained during this survey.
            result: (missing)
        report:  (DQ_ConceptualConsistency)
            nameOfMeasure:  Conceptual Consistency
            evaluationMethodDescription:  During inspection and QC of the lidar point cloud, flightline to flightline elevation differences met the CZMIL sensor specifications.
            result: (missing)
        lineage:  (LI_Lineage)
            statement:  The USACE collected, processed, and provided the data to the NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM). OCM received the data and processed it to be available for custom download from the Data Access Viewer (DAV) and for bulk download from https.
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  These data were collected using the CZMIL system. It is owned and operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). The system collects topobathy lidar data at 10 kHz and RGB imagery at 2 Hz. A CASI-1500 hyperspectral line scanner is integrated with the system as well. Aircraft position, velocity and acceleration information are collected through a combination of Novatel and POS A/V 510 equipment. All raw data streams are transferred to the office for downloading and processing in CZMIL's Hydro Fusion software. Aircraft position data are processed using POSPac software and the results are combined with the lidar data to produce 3-D positions for each lidar shot. Upon inspection and QA/QC in the software packages Fledermaus and PFM_ABE, anomalous data are flagged as invalid and have the withheld bit set. PFM_ABE software then converts all valid data from ellipsoid to orthometric heights based on the NGS' GEOID12A model and exports valid lidar data as a series of unclassified LAS files. Horizontal positions, provided in decimal degrees of latitude and longitude, are referenced to the North American Datum of 1983 National Adjustment of 2011 (NAD83 NA11).
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2013-07-30T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  LAS files are imported into GeoCue V2014.1.21.1, which is a geospatial workflow production and management software tool employed by JALBTCX to perform and monitor production of data products. Upon import into GeoCue, a customized classification macro, built upon the TerraScan V13 module within Microstation V8i, classifies valid topobathy data as ground points (2) and unclassified points (1), and valid bathymetric points (29). Upon completion the macro, the classification results undergo quality control and any misclassified points are manually edited. In areas of dense vegetation the bare earth ground points might be incorrectly classified due to the inability of the laser to penetrate the canopy and reach the bare ground. In these areas, JALBTCX defaults to the algorithm's "ground" surface instead of manually reclassifying those points. They are partitioned into a series of 5km or quarter quad delivery boxes, one Classified LAS file per box. The format of the file is LAS version 1.2. Data are classified as 1 (valid non-ground topographic data), 2 (valid ground topographic data), and 29 (valid bathymetric data).
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-03-30T00:00:00
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:  The NOAA Office for Coastal Management (OCM) received the files in las format from JALBTCX. The files contained lidar elevation and intensity measurements. The data were in geographic, NAVD88 (orthometric) heights in meters. OCM performed the following processing for data storage and Digital Coast provisioning purposes: 1. LAS files were converted to laz format. 2. Data were converted from NAVD88 heights to ellipsoid heights using GEOID12A.
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2015-05-13T00:00:00
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    organisationName:  Office for Coastal Management
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor
            source:  (LI_Source)
                sourceCitation:  (CI_Citation)
                    title:  USACE JALBTCX
                    date: (missing)
                    citedResponsibleParty:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                        organisationName:  USACE JALBTCX
                        role:  (CI_RoleCode) originator
            processStep:  (LI_ProcessStep)
                description:   The vertical values in this data set have been converted to reference North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD88) (GEOID18) meters, using the GEOID18 grids provided by the National Geodetic Survey. Any datum and projection transformations were then done with the Office for Coastal Management 'datum_shift' program. Compression to an LAZ file was done with the LAStools 'laszip' program and can be unzipped with the same free program (laszip.org) Processing notes:
                dateTime:
                  DateTime:  2021-10-23T06:47:16
                processor:  (CI_ResponsibleParty)
                    individualName:  NOAA Office for Coastal Management
                    contactInfo:  (CI_Contact)
                        address:  (CI_Address)
                            electronicMailAddress:  coastal.info@noaa.gov
                    role:  (CI_RoleCode) processor